Don Johnston, Aleut Baleen Basket Weaver
Don was born in Ketchikan, Alaska, and moved to Anchorage as a 20 year old, where he apprenticed with James Omnik, Sr. a well-known baleen basket weaver. In the years since those first important lessons, Don has continued to improve and innovate his unique weaving style, including an oval shape, the spiral of white baleen and a stunning double whale tail design finial of walrus ivory.
Don’s natural gifts for both carving walrus ivory and working with the challenging threads of baleen from traditionally harvested Bowhead whales has drawn the attention of collectors worldwide.
Baleen plates have hair-like structures that filter out tiny floating organisms and fish and are found in the mouth these plankton-eating whales. Baleen was originally used for indigenous objects like water cups, buckets and sleds. The Bowhead whale has been subsistence hunted by Alaska Coastal Natives, including the Yup'ik and Inupiat for over 1,000 years, and no part of the whale is ever wasted. A butchered bowhead whale can yield thousands of pounds of food. The community shares of meat and blubber are apportioned equitably to ensure that everyone benefits from a successful hunt.
Don is one of a handful of baleen basket weavers, and his works have won numerous awards, including Grand Champion and Judge’s Choice at the Alaska State Fair, Best in Basketry at Los Angeles Autry Museum Show, and most recently, the Best in Show at the 2017 Heard Museum Show, and Best in Category - Weaving at the 2018 Santa Fe Indian Market, and Best in Category, 2019 Heard Museum Show. A basket resides in the permanent collection of the Denver Art Museum.
Click for information provided by the U.S. Department of the Interior and Indian Arts and Crafts Board, and information about Alaska Native Artists' traditional and contemporary use of marine animal parts.
See Don's baskets here, and the second basket created by his son, Donald Jr.